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What do we Know About Sex Dolls and Sex Robots?

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What do we Know About Sex Dolls and Sex Robots?

Research Group Media Psychology Publishes Research Overview in JMIR

Journal of Medical Internet Research

Sex toys are normalized today. They are publicly displayed and marketed hundreds of thousands of times on the Internet and are used by the majority of the population. Sex toys such as dildos and vibrators often represent human body parts. In contrast to the great acceptance of sex toys, sex dolls and sex robots, which represent the human body as a whole, often meet with strong criticism in public and academic debates.

In a systematic research overview, Prof. Dr. Nicola Döring, Dr. Rohangis Mohseni and Roberto Walter, M.A., from the Research Group Media Psychology and Media Design at the TU Ilmenau, have now pursued the question of what we actually know scientifically about sex dolls and sex robots, their design, use and effects. The study included 29 scientific publications on sex dolls and 98 publications on sex robots, which were published between 1993 and 2019. It was found that the available scientific publications deal with sex dolls and sex robots mainly theoretically and often ethically and that empirical studies are largely lacking. Not a single study could be identified that actually uses sex dolls or sex robots as stimulus material. The Scoping Review was published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR), which has an impact factor of IF = 5.03 and is open access.


Döring, N., Mohseni, M. R., & Walter, R. (2020). Design, Use, and Effects of Sex Dolls and Sex Robots: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(7), e18551.