Learning about climate politics during COP 21: explaining a diminishing knowledge gap. - In: Public understanding of science, ISSN 1361-6609, Bd. 31 (2022), 5, S. 617-633
A basic understanding of climate politics is necessary for citizens to assess their government's policies. Media use is supposed to enable learning, while widening knowledge gaps. We analyze whether such a gap opened up in times of intense media coverage during the 2015 climate conference in Paris and explain learning through hierarchical regression analyses, drawing on a 3-month panel survey (n = 1121) in Germany. We find a diminishing knowledge gap: people with low previous knowledge catch up on the better informed, but overall knowledge remained low and learning was limited. This suggests a ceiling effect: possibly journalistic media did not provide enough new information for the well-informed. Closing knowledge gaps may also be explained by the media system with public television and regional newspapers reaching broad segments of the population. Higher knowledge was predicted less by media use than by education, concern, and being male.
Die Energiewende aus Sicht der Bevölkerung : Ergebnisse einer bundesweiten Befragung im Vorfeld der Bundestagswahl 2021. - Ilmenau : Technische Universität Ilmenau, Fachgebiet Empirische Medienforschung und Politische Kommunikation. - 1 Online-Ressource (48 Seiten)
Prioritizing development, vying for attention : factors influencing the practice of environmental journalism in the global South. - In: The handbook of international trends in environmental communication, (2022), S. 220-231
Research on environmental journalism in the global South is on the increase, but it is still in its infancy. Existing literature has noted the low coverage of environmental issues in the media worldwide, including in the global South. This essay identifies factors that influence this low coverage and the practice of environmental journalism in the global South based on existing literature. It presents three factors using the media sociology approach. Key among the factors is the development ideology, which has created the perception that journalists should complement government efforts in fostering national development in the ex-colonial nations of the global South. It has macro-level influence on the practice of journalism as reflected in the prioritization of government sources in news production. Its influence is also apparent in journalism education in the global South. At the micro level, the ideology influences role perceptions of journalists in the region.
The normativity of communication research: a content analysis of normative claims in peer-reviewed journal articles (1970-2014). - In: Mass communication & society, ISSN 1532-7825, Bd. 25 (2022), 4, S. 528-553
In times of rapid media change, society is increasingly asking for expertise from communication research. Well-founded assessments of current developments require knowledge of the normative foundations of the discipline, but empirical analyses of the normativity of communication research are scarce. We developed an innovative, multistep approach to make the discipline’s normative perspectives visible. We identified, systemized, and quantified normative claims consisting of three elements: content (what is evaluated/should happen?), subject (who is responsible?), and object (who benefits?). This approach provides the basis for a long-term content analysis of articles from international peer-reviewed journals in communication research (1970-2014). The results show that communication research is normative, but research fields differ in their degree of normativity, likely resulting from the discipline's interdisciplinary roots. The normative focal points vary over time, reflecting changes in the discipline and in the media during the period examined. Based on these results, we call for informed handling of the normativity shaping communication research.
Massenmediale STI-Präventionskommunikation der BZgA zwischen 2008 und 2018. - In: Social science open access repository, (2021), S. 1-17
Publikation entstand im Rahmen von: Gesundheitskommunikation und Geschichte: interdisziplinäre Perspektiven / D. Reifegerste & C. Sammer (Hrsg.). - Stuttgart : Deutsche Gesellschaft für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft e.V., 2021
Während die HIV-Neuinfektionsrate mittlerweile auf einem niedrigen und stabilen Niveau ist, sind die Erkrankungszahlen verschiedener sexuell übertragbarer Infektionen (STI, z. B. Syphilis) in den letzten Jahren stark angestiegen. So ist neben der Prävention einer Infektion mit HIV heute auch die Prävention von anderen STI durch die mediale Aufklärung über Ansteckungswege, Schutzmaßnahmen und Symptome von großer Bedeutung für die öffentliche Gesundheit. Dementsprechend hat die Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA), die im Auftrag des Ministeriums für Gesundheit kommunikationsstrategische Aufgaben für die STI-Prävention übernimmt, ihre ursprüngliche Kampagne GIB AIDS KEINE CHANCE schrittweise zur STI-Kampagne LIEBESLEBEN entwickelt. Zur Veranschaulichung dieses Wandels zeichnet der vorliegende Beitrag die Kampagnenkommunikation der BZgA seit 2008 nach.
Varieties of populist attitudes and their link to islamophobia in Switzerland. - In: International journal of public opinion research, ISSN 1471-6909, Bd. 33 (2021), 4, S. 873-890
The aim of this article is to show whether distinct varieties of populist attitudes emerge within a society, and how they relate to citizens’ Islamophobic attitudes. The study is based on a representative survey conducted in Switzerland in 2019. We used latent class analysis and multinomial regression analyses to identify latent subgroups, yielding five classes of populist attitudes: direct democracy devotees, individuals with populist tendencies, moderate populists, radical anti-elite populists, and radical-universal populists. Compared with the direct democracy devotees class, members of the moderate and the radical-universal populists classes are significantly more likely to hold anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant attitudes and to be politically right-wing, while radical anti-elite populists are not associated with either anti-Muslim attitudes or a right-wing ideology.
Banning burkas and niqabs? : exploring perceptions of bias in media coverage of Islam and Muslims in Switzerland and their relation to people's voting intention concerning the burka-initiative. - In: Studies in communication sciences, ISSN 1424-4896, Bd. 21 (2021), 1, S. 9-25
In Switzerland, Islam and Muslims are repeatedly the subject of political debates and, thus, of media reporting. While content analyses show a certain bias in Western media coverage of Islam and Muslims, relatively little is known about the audience's perspective on media bias in this context. Using data from an online survey of the Swiss population (n = 976), this study examines people’s perceptions of bias in the media coverage of Islam and Muslims in Switzerland and how it relates to their intention to vote on the popular initiative "Yes to a veil ban". The study was conducted in March 2019, two years before the actual vote took place on 7 March 2021. The results show that the majority of the Swiss non-Muslim population perceives the reporting as distorted. In the study's investigation of media bias perceptions, attitudes towards Islam and Muslims, political orientation and personal contact with Muslims proved to be the most relevant influencing factors. By contrast, exposure to political information via traditional news media and social media was not associated with bias perceptions. Finally, a stronger perception that the media understate certain problems related to Islam and Muslims in Switzerland was positively related to people's intention to vote for a national ban on wearing burkas or niqabs in public.
A systematic review of responsibility frames and their effects in the health context. - In: Journal of health communication, ISSN 1087-0415, Bd. 26 (2021), 12, S. 828-838
Responsibility frames potentially shape the public perception of health issues such as obesity, diabetes, or mental illness, specifically regarding responsibility attributions for their causes and treatment. Which responsibility frames prevail in the health context, and the responses they may elicit from audiences, has not been studied systematically. This systematic review includes studies with different methodological approaches published between 2004 and 2019 (N = 68). Content analyses (n = 56) show that different media attribute health responsibility most frequently, but not exclusively to individuals. Individual responsibility was especially emphasized for obesity, which was also the most studied health issue. Tendencies toward societal attributions of responsibility emerged over time, particularly regarding health risks for which the frames describe a specific cause (e.g., sugar, trans-fat). Experimental studies (n = 12) indicate that individual responsibility frames reduce policy support. The effects of responsibility frames were, however, not as clear-cut as expected with research gaps regarding behavioral and affective outcomes. Overall, there is a clear emphasis on noncommunicable diseases in this field. Finally, the conceptual focus on individual vs. societal health responsibility distracts from social network influences as another relevant health determinant. The implications for health communication are discussed.
Influencing factors on teaching different facets of media and digital literacy. - In: Bildung, Wissen und Kompetenz(-en) in digitalen Medien, (2021), S. 105-118
Motivated by the growing importance of media education in schools, this article studies aspects associated with teachers' fostering of students' media and digital skills. For this, a regression analysis is conducted using a survey data sample of teachers. By taking six different areas of media-related competencies into account, the results show the factors that influence the fostering of digital skills in general and the factors that influence only specific competence areas. Two factors are significant in all models: the frequency of the media use for teaching purposes and the importance given to the competence areas. Furthermore, teaching STEM subjects and teaching in a Gymnasium are significant predictors in most models. Other predictors show significance only in single models, while how teachers evaluated the technical equipment available in their schools is not significant in any model.
Neutral news aggregation? : comparing the portrayal of German politicians in Bing News and Google News search results. - In: Algorithms and communication, (2021), S. 25-65
News search engines are popular tools to navigate the online news landscape. By filtering and ranking articles, they act as secondary gatekeepers and can influence what news is accessible. This study examines to what extent two news search engines deliver different perspectives on political actors in the context of several political events. In a quantitative content analysis of 400 search results and 200 retrieved articles, the portrayal of German politicians in Bing News and Google News search results for 16 different search terms is assessed. The findings show that, although the Google News results are more likely to include opinionated articles, most politicians are portrayed similarly in the articles retrieved by both services.