Logo TU Ilmenau

3D Nanostrukturierung

Foto des Ansprechpartners

Prof. Dr. Yong Lei


Telefon 03677 69-3748

E-Mail senden

Ihre Position



So far we have authored 144 papers in SCI-indexed (Web of Science) journals, 1 paper in collective volumes, 90 contributions in conference proceedings, and 2 patents. According to the ISI (Web of Science) database (my Researcher ID: A-7950-2012), all the papers have been cited for 5246 times (H-Index 34); 6384 citations (H-index 38) according to the Google Scholar.

Many of the SCI-indexed papers are published in first-class scientific journals in physics, chemistry and materials science, including 44 paper published in journals with impact factor higher than 10, 46 papers published in journals with impact factor between 5-10, and 27 papers published in journals with impact factor between 3-5.

Year 2017

1. Wen L.Y., Xu R., Mi Y., Lei Y.*, Multiple nanostructures based on anodized aluminium oxide templatesNature Nanotechnology (Impact factor 38.986)12, 244–250, 2017.

Most read article in Dec. 2016 (1st place), Jan. 2017 (2nd place), and Mar. 2017 (1st place):

2.  Yue S.Z., Liu K., Xu R., Li M.C., Azam M., Ren K.K., Liu J., Sun Y., Wang Z.J.*, Cao D.W., Yan X.H., Qu S.C.*, Lei Y.*, Wang Z.G., ‘Efficacious engineering on charge extraction for realizing high-efficient perovskite solar cells’, Energy & Environmental Science (Impact factor 29.518), accepted and in press (DOI: 10.1039/C7EE02685D), 2017.


3. Xu Y., Zhou M., Lei Y.*, ‘Organic materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries’, Materials Today (Impact factor 21.695) (invited review article), accepted and in press, 2017.


4. Zhu F.F., Yan M., Liu Y.*, Shen H., Lei Y., Shi W.D.*, ‘Hexagonal prism-like hierarchical Co9S8@Ni(OH)2 core-shell nanotubes on carbon fibers for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors’, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (Impact factor 8.867), 5, 22782-22789, 2017.

5. Xu R., Wen L.Y., Wang Z.J., Zhao H.P., Xu S.P., Mi Y., Xu Y., Sommerfeld M., Fang Y.G., Lei Y.*, ‘Three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructure design for boosting photoelectrochemical activity’, ACS Nano (Impact factor 13.942), 11, 7382-7389, 2017.


6. Liu L., Zhao H.P.*, Wang Y., Fang Y.G., Xie J.L., Lei Y.*, ‘Evaluating the role of nanostructured current collectors in energy storage capability of supercapacitor electrodes with thick electroactive materials layer’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), accepted and in press (DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201705107), 2017.

7. Liu L., Hou H.L., Wang L., Xu R., Lei Y., Shen S.H., Yang D.J.*, Yang W.Y.*, ‘Transparent CdS@TiO2 nanotextile photoanode with boosted photoelectrocatalytic efficiency and stability’, Nanoscale (Impact factor 7.367), accepted and in press (doi: 10.1039/C7NR05658C), 2017.

8. Xu Y., Zhou M., Zhang C.L., Wang C.L., Liang L.Y., Fang Y.G., Wu M.H.; Cheng L., Lei Y.*, ‘Oxygen vacancies: effective strategy to boost sodium storage of amorphous electrode materials’, Nano Energy (Impact factor 12.343), 38, 304-312, 2017.

9. Zhao H.P., Liu L., Vellacheri R., Lei Y.*,  ‘Recent advances in designing and fabricating self-supported nanoelectrodes for supercapacitors’,  Advanced Science (Impact factor 9.034) (Invited review article), 4 (10), 1700188, 2017.

10. Yue S.Z., Lu S.D., Ren K.K., Liu K., Azam M., Cao D.W., Wang Z.J.*, Lei Y.*, Qu S.C.*, Wang Z.G., 'Insights into the influence of work functions of cathodes on efficiencies of perovskite solar cells’,  Small (Impact factor 8.643), 13 (19), 1700007,2017.

11. Vellacheri R., Zhao H.P., Mühlstädt M., Al-Haddad A., Jandt K.D., Lei Y.*, ‘Rationally engineered electrodes for high-performance solid-state cable-type supercapacitor’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), 27, 1606696, 2017.

12. Liang L.Y., Xu Y., Wen L.Y., Li Y.L., Zhou M., Wang C.L., Zhao H.P., Kaiser U., Lei Y.*, ‘Hierarchical Sb-Ni nanoarrays as robust binder-free anodes for high-performance sodium-ion half cells and full Cells’, Nano Research (Impact factor 7.354), 10 (9), 3189-32012017.

13. Zhou M., Xu Y., Wang C.L., Li Q.W., Xiang J.X., Liang L.Y., Zhao H.P., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Amorphous TiO2 inverse opal anode for high-rate sodium ion batteries’, Nano Energy (Impact factor 12.343), 31,  514-524, 2017.

14. Zhang C.L., Xu Y., Zhou M., Liang L.Y., Dong H.S., Wu M.H., Yang Y., Lei Y.*, Potassium prussian blue nanoparticles: a low-cost cathode material for potassium-ion batteries’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124) (back cover), 27 (4), 1604307, 2017.

15. Liang L.Y., Xu Y., Li Y.L., Dong H.S., Zhou M., Zhao H.P., Kasier U., Lei Y.*, ‘Facile synthesis of hierarchical fern leaf-like Sb and its application as additive-free anode for fast reversible Na-ion storage’, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (Impact factor 8.867), 5, 1749-1755, 2017.

16. Gu Y., Jiao Z., Wu M.H., Luo B., Lei Y., Wang Y., Wang L.Z.*, Zhang H.J.*, ‘Construction of point-line-plane (0-1-2 dimensional) Fe2O3-SnO2/graphene hybrids as the anodes with excellent lithium storage capability’, Nano Research (Impact factor 7.354), 10 (1), 121-1332017.

17. Wu M.H., Wang Y.X., Xu Y.,  Ming J., Zhou M.*, Xu R., Fu Q., Lei Y.*, ‘Self-supported Bi2MoO6 nanowall for photoelectrochemical water splitting’, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (Impact factor 7.504), 9 (28), 23647-23653, 2017.

18. Wang Y.L., Yao C.J., Ding L., Li C.C., Wang J., Wu M.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Enhancement of the Immune Function by Titanium Dioxide Nanorods and Their Application in Cancer Immunotherapy’, Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (Impact factor 4.521), 13 (4), 367-380, 2017.

19. Tarish S., Xu Y., Wang Z.J., Mate F., Al-haddad A., Wang W.X., Lei Y.*, ‘Highly efficient biosensors by using well-ordered ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanotube arrays’, Nanotechnology (Impact factor 3.440), 7, 29464-29468, 2017. 

20. Wang H., Wang S.G., Kan J.J., Deng X.Y., Wang W.C.*, Wu M.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Low voltage driven surface micro-flow by Joule heating’, RSC Advances (Impact factor 3.108),  7, 29464-29468, 2017.

21. Fu Q., Miao L.K., Lei Y.*, ‘Efficient SERS substrate fabricated by simple aluminum pits template’, Materials Science Forum, 896, 26-31, 2017.

Year 2016

1.       Lei Y.*, ‘Functional Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion and Storage’, Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721, Invited Editorial), 6, 1600461, 2016.

2.      Wang Z.J., Cao D.W., Wen L.Y., Xu R., Obergfell M., Mi Y., Zhan Z.B., Nasori, Demsar J., Lei Y.*, ‘Manipulation of charge transfer and transport in nano-Au/PZT hybrids for photoelectrochemical applications’, Nature Communications (impact factor 12.124)7, 10348 (doi:10.1038/ncomms10348), 2016.


3.      Mi Y., Wen L.Y., Wang Z.J., Cao D.W., Xu R., Fang Y.G., Zhou Y.L., Lei Y.*Fe(III) modified BiOCl ultrathin nanosheet towards high-efficient visible-light photocatalyst’, Nano Energy (Impact factor 12.343) 30, 109-117, 2016.

4.      Wang C.L., Jiang C., Xu Y., Liang L.Y., Zhou M., Jiang J.J., Singh S., Zhao H.P., Schober A., Lei Y.*, ‘A selectively permeable membrane for enhancing cyclability of organic sodium-ion batteries’, Advanced Materials (Impact factor 19.791), 28 (41), 9182–91872016.

5.     Wen L.Y., Zhou M., Wang. C.L., Mi Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Nanoengineering energy conversion and storage devices via atomic layer deposition’, Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721), (front cover), 6, 1600468, 2016.

(This work has recently been highlighted at MaterialsViewsChina)

6.      Li. H.H., Xie M.L., Cui C.H., He D., Gong M., Jiang J., Zheng Y.R. , Chen G.Lei Y.Yu S.H.*, ‘Surface Charge Polarization at the Interface: Enhancing the Oxygen Reduction via Precise Synthesis of Heterogeneous Ultrathin Pt/PtTe Nanowire’, Chemistry of Materials (Impact factor 9.466),  28 (24), 8890–8898, 2016.

7.     Al-Haddad A., Wang Z.J., Zhou M., Tarish S., Vellacheri R., Lei Y.*, ‘Constructing well-ordered CdTe/TiO2 core/shell nanowire arrays for solar energy conversion’, Small (Impact factor 8.643), 12 (40), 5538–5542, 2016.

8.       Al-Haddad A., Wang C.L., Qi H.Y., Grote F., Wen L.Y., Bernhard J., Vellacheri R., Tarish S., Nabi G., Kaiser U., Lei Y.*, ‘Memory Arrays with Ultralow Power Consumption and Ultrahigh Density’, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (Impact factor 7.504), 8, 23348–23355, 2016.

9.      Cao D.W., Nasori N., Wang Z.J., Wen L.Y., Xu R., Mi Y., Yong Lei Y.*, ‘Facile Surface Treatment on Cu2O Photocathodes for Enhancing the Photoelectrochemical Response’, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental (Impact factor 9.446), 198, 398-403,  2016.

10.     Zhou M., Xu Y., Xiang J.X., Wang C.L., Liang L.Y., Fang Y.G., Wen L.Y., Mi Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Understanding the Orderliness of Atomic Arrangement towards Enhanced Sodium Storage’, Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721), (back cover), 6, 1600448, 2016.


11.      Gu Y., Jiao Z., Wu M.H., Luo B., Lei Y., Wang Y., Wang L.Z.*, Zhang H.J.*, ‘Construction of point-line-plane (0-1-2 dimensional) Fe2O3-SnO2/graphene hybrids as the anodes with excellent lithium storage capability’, Nano Research (Impact factor 7.354) 10 (1), 121-133, 2017.

12.      Xiong X.H., Zhao B.T., Ding D., Chen D.C., Yang C.H.*, Lei Y.Liu M.L.*, ‘One-step synthesis of architectural Ni3S2 nanosheet-on-nanorods array as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitorsNPG Asia Materials (Impact factor 9.157), 8, e300 (DOI:10.1038/am.2016.126), 2016.

13.      Xu J., Xin S., Liu J.W.*, Wang J.L., Lei Y., Yu S.H.*, ‘Elastic carbon nanotube aerogel meets tellurium nanowires: a binder and collector free electrode for Li–Te batteries’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124)26, 3580–3588, 2016.

14.       Xu Y., Zhou M., Lei Y.*, ‘Nanoarchitectured Array Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium- and Sodium-ion Batteries’, Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721) (invited review article and front cover), 6 (7), DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201502514, 2016.

15.     Zhan Z.B., Xu R., Zheng X.Z., Fu Q., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Effective approach to strengthen plasmon resonance localized on top surfaces of Ag nanoparticles and application in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy’, Nanotechnology (Impact factor 3.440), 27 (44), 445301, 2016.

16.      Wang Z.J., Cao D.W., Xu R., S.C. Qu, Wang Z.G., Lei Y.*, ‘Realizing ordered arrays of nanostructures: a versatile platform for converting and storing energy efficiently’, Nano Energy (Impact factor 12.343) (invited review article), 19, 328–362, 2016.

17.     Wang C.L., Fang Y.G., Xu Y., Liang L.Y., Zhou M, Zhao H.P., Lei Y.*, 'Manipulation of Disodium Rhodizonate: Factors for Fast-Charge and Fast-Discharge Sodium-Ion Batteries with Long-Term Cyclability', Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), 26, 1777–1786, 2016.


18.      Mi Y., Wen L.Y., Xu R., Wang Z.J., Cao D.W., Fang Y.G., Lei Y.*, 'Constructing AZO/TiO2 core/shell nanocone array with uniformly dispersed Au NPs for enhancing photoelectrochemical water splitting', Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721), (back cover), 6 (1), 1501496, 2016.

(This work has recently been highlighted at MaterialsViewsChina)


19.     Tan F.R., Wang Z.J., Qu S.C., Cao D.W., Liu K., Jiang Q.W., Yang Y., Pang S.*, Zhang W.F.*, Lei Y.*, Wang Z.G., ‘CdSe thin film: a versatile buffer layer for improving performance of TiO2 nanorod array: PbS quantum dot solar cells’, Nanoscale (Impact factor 7.367), 8, 10198-10204, 2016


20.     Cao D.W., Nasori N., Wang Z.J.*, Mi Y., Wen L.Y., Yang Y., Qu S.C., Wang Z.G., Lei Y.*, ‘P-type CuBi2O4: an Easily Accessible Photocathodic Material for High-efficient Water Splitting’, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (Impact factor 8.867),  4, 8995-9001, 2016.


21.     Zhang K., Deng X.Y., Fu Q., Meng Y., Zhao H.P., Wang W.C.*, Wu M.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Photolithography Compatible Templated Patterning of Functional Organic Materials in Emulsion’, Advanced Science (Impact factor 9.034), 3(5), 1500304, 2016.

22.     Vellacheri R., Zhao H.P., Mühlstädt M., Ming J., Al-Haddad A., Wu M.H., Jandt K.D., Lei Y.*, ‘All-solid-state cable-type supercapacitors with ultra-high rate capability’, Advanced Materials Technologies 1 (1),  (DOI: 10.1002/admt.201600012), 2016

23.     Gu L.B., Zhang H.J.*Jiao Z., Li M.J., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Glucosamine-induced growth of highly distributed TiO2 nanoparticles on graphenenanosheets as high-performance photocatalystsRSC Advances (Impact factor 3.108), 6, 67039-67048, 2016.

24.     Tarish S., Al-Haddad A., Xu R., Cao D.W., Wang Z.J.*, Qu S., Nabi G., Lei Y.*, ‘The shift of optical absorption band edge of ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanotube arrays beyond quantum effects’, Journal of Materials Chemistry C (Impact factor 5.256), 4, 1369-1374, 2016.

25.      Mi Y., Wen L.Y., Zhao H.P., Zhou Y.L., Grote F., Lei Y.*, ‘Ultra-low mass loading of platinum nanoparticles on bacterial cellulose derived carbon nanofibers for efficient hydrogen evolution’, Catalysis Today (Impact factor 4.636), 262, 141-145, 2016.

26.      Molinari A., D’Amico F., Calizzi M., Hahn H., Zheng Y., Lei Y., Boelsma C., Mooij L., Dam B., Pasquini L.*, 'Interface and strain effects on the H-sorption thermodynamics of size-selected Mg nanodots', International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Impact factor 3.582), in press, 2016.

27.      Zheng X.Z.,Fu Q., Guo H.S., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Sensitive and reproducible nanogap SERS substrates for glucose biosensing’,Nanomedicine-Nanotechnology Biology and Medicine (Impact factor 5.720), 12 (2), 552, 2016.

28.      Muller J., Hannappel T., Hoffmann M., Jacobs H.O., Lei Y., Rangelow I.W., Schaaf P., ‘Application of nanostructuring, nanomaterials and micro-nano-integration for improved components and system's performance’, 2016 Pan Pacific Microelectronics Symposium (Pan Pacific), 10 pp., DOI: 10.1109/PanPacific.2016.7428387, 2016.

 Year 2015

1.      Zhan Z.B., Grote F., Wang Z.J., Xu R., Lei Y.*, 'Degenerating Plasmonic Modes to Enhance the Performance of Surface Plasmon Resonance for Application in Solar Energy Conversion', Advanced Energy Materials (Impact factor 16.721), 5 (24), 1501654, 2015.

2.      Singh S., Friedel K., Himmerlich M., Lei Y., Schlingloff G., Schober A.*, ‘Spatiotemporal Photopatterning on Polycarbonate Surface Through Visible Light Photoswitchable DASA Compounds’, ACS Macro Letters (Impact factor 6.185), 4(11), 1273-1277, 2015.

3.      Chi D., Lu S.D., Xu R., Liu K., Cao D.W., Wen L.Y., Mi Y., Wang Z.J.*, Lei Y.*, Qu S.C.*, Wang Z.G., ‘Fully understanding the positive roles of plasmonic nanoparticles in ameliorating the efficiency of organic solar cells’, Nanoscale (Impact factor 7.367), 7, 15251-15257, 2015.

4.      Liang L.Y., Xu Y., Wang C.L., Wen L.Y., Fang Y.G., Mi Y., Zhou M., Zhao H.P., Lei Y.*, ‘Large-scale Highly Ordered Sb Nanorod Arrays Anode with High Capacity and Rate Capability for Sodium-Ion Batteries’, Energy & Environmental Science (Impact factor 29.518), 8, 2954-2962, 2015. (was selected as the inside back cover)

5.     Al-Haddad A., Zhan Z.B., Wang C.L., Tarish S., Vellacheria R., Lei Y.*, ‘Facile Transferring of Wafer-Scale Ultrathin Alumina Membranes onto Substrates for Nanostructure Patterning’, ACS Nano (Impact factor 13.942), 9(8), 8584-8591, 2015

6.     Grote F., Yu Z.Y., Wang J.L., Yu S.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Self-stacked reduced graphene oxide nanosheets coated with cobalt-nickel hydroxide by one-step electrochemical deposition towards flexible electrochromic supercapacitors’, Small (Impact factor 8.643), 11, 4666–4672, 2015.

(This work has recently been highlighted at MaterialsViewsChina)


7.     Xu Y., Zhou M., Wang X., Wang C.L., Liang L.Y., Grote F., Wu M.H., Mi.Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Enhancement of sodium ion battery performance enabled by oxygen vacancies’, Angewandte Chemie International Edition (impact factor 11.994), 54(30), 8768-8771, 2015

8.      Wen L.Y., Wang Z.J., Mi Y., Xu R., Yu S.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Designing heterogeneous 1D nanostructure arrays based on AAO template for energy applications’, Small (impact factor 8.643), was selected as the frontispiece, 11, 3408-3428, 2015. (Invited review)

9.     Al-Haddad A., Wang Z.J., Xu R., Qi H.Y., Vellacheri R., Kaiser U., Lei Y.*, ‘Dimensional dependence of optical absorption band edge of TiO2 nanotube arrays beyond quantum effect’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Impact factor 4.536), 119 (28), 16331–16337, 2015.

10.      Zhao H.P., Zhou M., Wen L.Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Template-Directed Construction of Nanostructure Arrays for Highly-Efficient Energy Storage and Conversion’, Nano Energy (impact factor 12.343) (invited review article), 13, 790–813, 2015

11.      Liang L.Y., Xu Y., Wang X., Wang C.H., Zhou M., Fu Q., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Intertwined Cu3V2O7(OH)2*2H2O nanowires/carbon fibers composite: a new anode with high rate capability for sodium-ion batteries’, Journal of Power Sources (Impact factor 6.395), 294, 193–200, 2015.

12.      Xu Y., Zhou M., Wen L.Y., Wang C.L., Zhao H.P., Mi Y., Liang L.Y., Fu Q., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*,‘Highly ordered three-dimensional Ni-TiO2 nanoarrays as sodium ion battery anodes’, Chemistry of Materials (impact factor 9.466), 27 (12), 4274-4280, 2015.

Top 20 most downloaded articles of the journal for June 2015:

13.      Mi Y., Wen L.Y., Wang Z.J., Cao D.W., Fang Y.G., Lei Y.*, ‘Building of Anti-Restack 3D BiOCl Hierarchitecture by Ultrathin Nanosheets towards Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity’, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental (impact factor 9.446), 176-177, 331–337, 2015.


14.       Fu Q., Zhan Z.B., Dou J.X., Zheng X.Z., Xu R., Wu M.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Highly Reproducible and Ultra-Sensitive SERS Substrates with Ag Inter-Nanoparticle Gaps of 5-nm Fabricated by UTAM Technique’ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces (impact factor 7.504), 7 (24), 13322–13328, 2015.

15.      Zhan Z.B., Xu R., Mi Y., Zhao H.P., Lei Y.*, ‘Highly Controllable Surface Plasmon Resonance Property by Heights of Ordered Nanoparticle Arrays Fabricated via a Nonlithographic Route’, ACS Nano (impact factor 13.942), 9, 4583–4590, 2015.

16.       Liu X.J., Cui C.H., Li H.H., Lei Y., Zhuang T.T., Sun M., Arshad M.N., Albar H.A., Sobahi T.R., Yu S.H.*, ‘Hollow ternary PtPdCu nanoparticles: a superior and durable cathodic electrocatalyst’, Chemical Science (Impact factor 8.668), 6, 3038-3043, 2015.

17.       Wang C.L., Xu Y., Fang Y.G., Zhou M., Liang L.Y, Singh S., Zhao H.P., Schober A., Lei Y.*, ‘Extended π-Conjugated System for Fast-Charge and -Discharge Sodium-Ion Batteries’, Journal of the American Chemical Society (impact factor 13.858), 137(8), 3124–3130, 2015.

(This work has recently been highlighted at

18.       Grote F., Zhao H.P., Lei Y.*, ‘Self-supported carbon coated TiN nanotube arrays: Innovative carbon coating leads to improved cycling ability for supercapacitor applications’, Journal of Materials Chemistry A (impact factor 8.867), 3, 3465-3470, 2015.

19.       Samar T., Wang Z.J., Al-Haddad A., Wang C.L., Ispas A., Romanus H., Schaaf P., Lei Y.*, ‘Synchronous Formation of ZnO/ZnS Core/Shell Nanotube Arrays with Removal of Template for Meliorating Photoelectronic Performance’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (impact factor 4.536), 119, 1575−1582, 2015.

20.       Fu Q., Wong K.M., Zhou Y., Wu M.H.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Cost-effective fabrication of Ni/Au hybrid nanoparticle arrays for highly efficient and stable SERS substrate’, RSC Advances (impact factor 3.108), 5, 6172–6180, 2015.

21.      Singh S.*, Lei Y., Schober A., ‘Direct extraction of carbonyl from waste polycarbonate with amines under environment friendly conditions: scope of waste polycarbonate as carbonylating agent in organic synthesis’, RSC Advances (impact factor 3.108), 5, 3454-3460, 2015. 

 Year 2014 

1.       Zhao H.P., Wang C.L., Vellacheri R., Zhou M., Xu Y., Fu Q., Wu M.H., Grote F., Lei Y.*, Self-Supported Metallic Nanopore Arrays with Highly-Oriented Nanoporous Structure as Ideally Nanostructured Electrode for Supercapacitor Application’, Advanced Materials (impact factor 19.791)26: 7654–7659, 2014.

2.       Grote F., Lei Y.*, ‘A complete three-dimensionally nanostructured asymmetric supercapacitor with high operating voltage window based on PPy and MnO2’, Nano Energy (impact factor 12.343), 10, 63-70, 2014. (cover page of the issue 10, Nano Energy, 2014)


3.       Cao D.W., Wang Z.J. , Nasori, Wen L.Y., Mi Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Switchable Charge-Transfer in the Photoelectrochemical Energy-Conversion Process of Ferroelectric BiFeO3 Photoelectrodes’, Angewandte Chemie International Edition (impact factor 11.994), 53, 11027-11031, 2014

4.       Zhou M., Bao J., Xu Y., Zhang J.J., Xie J.F., Guan M.L., Wang C.L., Wen L.Y., Lei Y.*, Xie Y.*, ‘Photoelectrodes Based Upon Mo:BiVO4 Inverse Opals for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting’, ACS Nano (impact factor 13.942), 8 (7), 7088–7098, 2014.

5.       Wang C.L., Fang Y.G., Wen L.Y., Zhou M., Xu Y., Zhao H.P., De Cola L.*, Hu W.P.*, Lei Y.*, ‘Vectorial diffusion for facile solution-processed self-assembly of insoluble semiconductors: a case study on metal phthalocyanines’, Chemistry - A European Journal (impact factor 5.317), 20 (35), 10990-10995, 2014.

6.       Yang S.K.*, Slotcavage D., Mai J.D., Guo F., Li S.X., Zhao Y.H., Lei Y., Cameron C.E., Huang T.J.*, 'Electrochemically Created Highly Surface Roughened Ag Nanoplate Arrays for SERS Biosensing Applications’, Journal of Materials Chemistry (Impact factor 5.256)2, 8350-8356, 2014.

7.       Zheng Y., Wang W.X., Fu. Q., Wu M.H., Shayan K., Wong K.M., Singh S., Schober A., Schaaf P., Lei Y.*SERS Substrate Based on Large-Area Well-defined Gold Nanoparticle Arrays with High SERS Uniformity and Stability’ ChemPlusChem (impact factor 2.797), 79: 1622–1630, 2014

8.       Vellacheri R., Al-Haddad A., Zhao H.P., Wang W.X., Wang C.L., Lei Y.*, ‘High performance supercapacitor for efficient energy storage under extreme environmental temperatures’, Nano Energy (impact factor 12.343), 8, 231-237, 2014.


9.       Zhang H.C., Zhou M., Fu Q., Lei B., Lin W., Guo H.S., Wu M.H., Lei Y.*, ‘Observation of Defect State in Highly Ordered Titanium Dioxide Nanotube Arrays’, Nanotechnology (impact factor 3.440), 25 (27), 275603, 2014. 

10.      Zhu H.O., Xiao C., Cheng H., Grote F., Zhang X.D., Yao T., Li, Z., Wang C.M., Wei S.Q., Lei Y., Xie Y.*, ‘Magnetocaloric effects in a freestanding and flexible graphene-based superlattice synthesized with a spatially confined reaction’, Nature Communications (impact factor 12.124),  5, 3690, 2014.

11.       Mi Y., Zhou M., Wen L.Y., H.P. Zhao, Lei Y.*, ‘High Efficient Visible-Light Driven Photocatalyst: Two Dimensional Square-like Bismuth Oxyiodine Nanosheets’, Dalton Transactions (impact factor 4.029), 43, 9549–9556, 2014.

12.      Zhan Z.B., Lei Y.*, ‘Sub-100-nm nanoparticle arrays with perfect ordering, tunable and uniform dimensions fabricated by combining nanoimprinting with ultrathin alumina membrane technique’, ACS Nano (impact factor 13.942), 8, 3862–3868, 2014.

13.       Wen L.Y., Mi Y., Wang C.L., Fang Y.G., Grote F., Zhao H.P., Zhou M., Lei Y.*, ‘Cost-effective atomic layer deposition synthesis of Pt nanotube arrays: application for high performance supercapacitor’, Small (impact factor 8.643), 10, 3162–3168, 2014.

(This work has recently been highlighted at MaterialsViewsChina)

14.      Wang H., Wang W.C.*, Li L.Q., Zhu J., Wang W.X., Xie Z.X., Fuchs H., Lei Y., Chi L.F.*, ‘Surface micro-fluidic patterning and transporting organic small molecules’, Small (impact factor 8.643), 10, 2549–2552, 2014.


15.      Liang L.Y., Xu Y.M., Lei Y.*, Liu H.M.*, ‘1-dimensional AgVO3 nanowires hybrid with 2-dimensional graphene nanosheets to create 3-dimensional composite aerogels and its improved electrochemical property’, Nanoscale (impact factor 7.367), 6, 3536-3539, 2014.

16.      Grote F., Kühnel R., Balducci A., Lei Y.*, ‘Template assisted fabrication of free-standing MnO2 nanowire and nanotube arrays and their application in supercapacitors’, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.411), 104, 053904, 2014.

 17.      Grote F., Wen L.Y., Lei Y.*, ‘Nano-engineering of three-dimensional core/shell nanotube arrays for high performance supercapacitors’, Journal of Power Sources (impact factor 6.395), 256, 37-42, 2014.


Year 2013 

1.      Xie J.F., Zhang J.J., Li S., Grote F., Zhang. X.D., Zhang H., Wang R.X., Lei Y., Pan B.C., Xie Y.*, ‘Controllable disorder engineering in oxygen-incorporated MoS2 ultrathin nanosheets for efficient hydrogen evolution’, Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact factor 13.858), 135 (47), 17881-17888, 2013. (SCI citation times 196)

2.      Wang C.L., Wen L.Y., Kups T., Mi Y., Vellacheri R., Fang Y.G., Schaaf P., Zhao H.P., Lei Y.*, 'Growth control of AgTCNQ nanowire arrays by using a template-assisted electro-deposition method', Journal of Materials Chemistry C (Impact factor 5.256) (backside cover paper), 1, 8003-8006, 2013

3.      Tian X.K.*, Wu Q.Y., Wong K.M., Yang C., Wang W.W., Wu X.N., Wang Y.X., Zhang S.X., Lei Y.*, ‘A simple technique for the facile synthesis of novel crystalline mesoporous ZrO2–Al2O3 hierarchical nanostructures with high lead (II) ion absorption ability’, Applied Surface Science (Impact factor 3.387), 284, 412-418, 2013.

4.      Yang S.K., Lapsley M.I., Cao B.Q., Zhao C.L., Zhao Y.H., Hao Q.Z., Kiraly B., Scott J., Li W.Z., Wang L., Lei Y.*, Huang T.J.*, ‘Large-Scale fabrication of three-dimensional surface patterns using template-defined electrochemical deposition’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), 23 (6), 720, 2013.

5.      Wong. K.M.*, Alay-e-Abbas S.M., Fang Y.G., Shaukat A., Lei Y.*, ‘Spatial distribution of neutral oxygen vacancies on ZnO nanowire surfaces: An investigation combining confocal microscopy and first principles calculations’, Journal of Applied Physics (Impact factor 2.068), 114 (3), 034901, 2013. (SCI citation times 72)

6.      Wong. K.M.*, Alay-e-Abbas S.M., Shaukat A., Fang Y.G., Lei Y.*, ‘First-principles investigation of the size-dependent structural stability and electronic properties of O-vacancies at the ZnO polar and non-polar surfaces’, Journal of Applied Physics (Impact factor 2.068), 113 (1), 014304, 2013. (SCI citation times 79)

This JAP article was the most highly cited regular article among over 4000 JAP articles that was published in the year 2013. Please refer to the pdf file where the relevant details were obtained from a JAP email (or

7.      Wong. K.M., Alay-e-Abbas S.M., Shaukat A., Lei Y.*, ‘DFT+U study of the structural and electronic properties of the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ordering in the PbS-based ternary alloys Pb1-xEuxS (x=0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1)’, Solid State Sciences (Impact factor 1.811), 18, 24, 2013.

Year 2012

1.    Fang, Y. G., Wong. K. M., Lei, Y.*, ‘Synthesis and field emission properties of different ZnO nanostructure arrays’, Nanoscale Research Letters (Impact factor 2.833), 7, 197, 2012.

 2.   Winkler, N., Leuthold, J., Lei, Y.*, Wilde, G., ‘Large-scale highly ordered arrays of freestanding magnetic nanowires’, Journal of Materials Chemistry (Impact factor 6.626), 22 (32), 16627-16632, 2012.

3.   Alay-e-Abbas, S. M., Wong. K. M., Noor, N. A., Shaukat, A., Lei, Y.*, ‘An ab-initio study of the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of half-metallic ferromagnetism in Cr-doped BeSe and BeTe’, Solid State Sciences (Impact factor 1.811), 14, 1525, 2012.

4.    Ellrich J., Kruk R., Brand R.A., Hahn H., Hütten A., Lei Y., ‘Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetization of ordered arrays of ultrathin FePt nanodisks with Perpendicular magnetization’, Hyperfine Interactions, 211, 135-145, 2012.

Year 2011

1.    Ostendorp, S., Lei, Y.*, Wilde, G., ‘Two-step synthesis method for regular arrays of nano-particles embedded in oxide layers’, Chemical Physics Letters (Impact factor 1.815 ), 513 (1-3), 99, 2011.

2.    Yang, S.K., Xu, F., Ostendorp, S., Wilde, G., Zhao, H. P., Lei, Y.*, ‘Template-Confined Dewetting Process to Surface Nanopatterns: Fabrication, Structural Tunability, and Structure-Related Properties’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), 21 (13), 2446, 2011. (SCI citation times 52)

3.    Yang, S. K., Cai, W. P., Zhang, H. W., Zeng, H. B., Lei, Y.*, ‘A General Strategy for Fabricating Unique Carbide Nanostructures with Excitation Wavelength-Dependent Light Emissions’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Impact factor 4.536), 115 (15), 7279, 2011. 

4.    Lei, Y.*, Yang, S. K., Wu, M. H., Wilde, G., ‘Surface patterning using templates: concept, properties and device applications’, Chemical Society Reviews (Impact factor 38.618), 40 (3), 1247, 2011.   (SCI citation times 93)

5.    Wen, L. Y., Wong. K. M., Fang, Y. G., Wu, M. H., Lei, Y.*, ‘Fabrication and characterization of well-aligned, high density ZnO nanowire arrays and their realizations in Schottky device applications using a two-step approach’, Journal of Materials Chemistry (Impact factor 6.626), 21 (20), 7090, 2011.

 (This article has recently selected as the hot article in RSC bolg)

6.    Yang, S. K., Lei, Y.*, ‘Recent progress on surface pattern fabrications based on monolayer colloidal crystal templates and related applications’, Nanoscale (Impact factor 7.367), 3 (7), 2768, 2011.

7.    Wong. K. M., Fang, Y. G., Devaux, A., Wen, L. Y., Huang, J., De Cola, L., Lei, Y.*, ‘Assorted analytical and spectroscopic techniques for the optimization of the defect-related properties in sizecontrolled ZnO nanowires’, Nanoscale (Impact factor 7.367), 3 (11), 4830, 2011.

 8.    Yang, S. K., Xu, J. J., Wang, Z. Y., Zeng, H. B., Lei, Y., ‘JJanus particle arrays with multiple structural controlling abilities synthesized by seed-directed deposition’, Journal of Materials Chemistry (Impact factor 6.626), 21 (32), 11930, 2011.

 9.    Zhang, J., Wang, S. S., Zhang, S. D., Tao, Q. H., Pan, L., Wang, Z. Y., Zhang, Z. P., Lei, Y., Yang, S. K., Zhao, H. P., ‘In Situ Synthesis and Phase Change Properties of Na2SO4 center dot 10H(2)O@SiO2 Solid Nanobowls toward Smart Heat Storage’, Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Impact factor 4.536), 115 (41), 20061, 2011.


 Year 2010

1.       Yang, S. K., Cai, W. P., Kong, L. C., Lei, Y.*, ‘Surface Nanometer-Scale Patterning in Realizing Large-Scale Ordered Arrays of Metallic Nanoshells with Well-Defined Structures and Controllable Properties’, Advanced Functional Materials (Impact factor 12.124), 20 (15), 2527, 2010. (SCI citation times 69)

2.       Wen, L. Y., Shao, Z. Z., Fang, Y. G., Wong, K. M., Lei, Y.*, Bian, L. F., Wilde, G., ‘Selective growth and piezoelectric properties of highly ordered arrays of vertical ZnO nanowires on ultrathin alumina membranes’, Applied Physics Letters (Impact factor 3.411), 97 (5), 053106, 2010.

3.       Wu, M. H., Wen, L. Y., Lei, Y.*, Ostendorp, S., Chen, K., Wilde, G., ‘Ultrathin Alumina Membranes for Surface Nanopatterning in Fabricating Quantum-Sized Nanodots’, Small (Impact factor 8.643), 6 (5), 695, 2010.

(This paper has recently been featured as Research Highlights on Nature China, an online publication of Nature Publication Group to bringing high-quality research and innovative technologies from Chinese researchers to scientists and professionals around the world:


4.      Li L. Q., Gao P., Schuermann K. C., Ostendorp S., Wang W. C., Du C., Lei Y., Fuchs H., De Cola L., Muellen K., Chi L. F., ‘Controllable growth and field-effect property of monolayer to multilayer microstripes of an organic semiconductor’, Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact factor 13.858), 132 (26), 8807, 2010. (SCI citation times 77)

 Before 2010

1.      Lei Y.*, Cai W. P., Wilde G., “Highly ordered nanostructures with tunable size, shape and properties: A new way to surface nano-patterning using ultra-thin alumina masks”, Progress in Materials Science (impact factor 31.140), 52 (4), 465-539, 2007. (SCI citation times 137)

2.      Lei Y.*, Jiao Z., Wu M. H., Wilde G.., “Ordered Arrays of Nanostructures and Applications in High-Efficient Nano-Generators”, Advanced Engineering Materials (impact factor 2.319), 9 (5), 343-348, 2007.

3.      Duan G. T., Cai W. P.*, Luo Y. Y., Li Z., Lei Y., “Hierarchical Structured Ni Nanoring and Hollow Sphere Arrays by Morphology Inheritance Based on Ordered Through-Pore Template and Electrodeposition”, Journal of Physical Chemistry B ( impact factor 3.177), 110 (32), 15729-15733, 2006. (SCI citation times 66)

4.      Duan G. T., Cai W. P.*, Luo Y. Y., Li Y., Lei Y., “Hierarchical Surface Rough Ordered Au Particle Arrays and Their Surface Enhanced Raman Scatting”, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.411), 89 (18), 181918, 2006. (SCI citation times 78)

5.      Wilde G., Bunzel P., Lei Y., Roesner H., Weissmueller J., “Synthesis and Properties of Nanoscale Alloy Structures”, Nachrichten Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, 37 (1-2), Page 35-39, 2005.

6.      Sun F. Q., Cai W. P.*, Li. Y., Cao B. Q., Lei Y., Zhang L. D., “Morphology controlled growth of large area ordered porous film”, Materials Science and Technology (impact factor 1.538), 21 (4), 500-504, 2005.

7.      Lei Y.*, Chim W. K., “Highly Ordered Arrays of Metal/Semiconductor Core-Shell Nanoparticles with Tunable Nanostructures and Photoluminescence”, Journal of the American Chemical Society (impact factor 13.858), 127 (5), 1487-1492, 2005. (SCI citation times 84)

8.      Lei Y.*, Chim W. K., “Shape and size control of regularly arrayed nanodots fabricated using ultra-thin alumina masks”, Chemistry of Materials (impact factor 9.466), 17 (3), 580-585, 2005. (SCI citation times 75)

9.      Lei Y.*, Chim W. K., Sun H. P., Wilde G., “Highly ordered CdS nanoparticle arrays on silicon substrates and photoluminescence properties”, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.411), 86 (10), 103106, 2005. (SCI citation times 41)

10.   Lei Y.*, Chim W. K., Weissmuller J., Wilde G., Sun H. P., Pan, X. Q., “Ordered arrays of highly oriented single-crystal semiconductor nanoparticles on silicon substrates”, Nanotechnology (impact factor 3.440), 16 (9), 1892-1898, 2005.

11.   Lei Y.*, Yeong K. S., Thong J. T. L., Chim W. K., “Large-scale ordered carbon nanotube arrays initiated from highly ordered catalyst arrays on silicon substrates”, Chemistry of Materials (impact factor 9.466), 16 (14), 2757-2761, 2004.

12.   Sun F.Q., Cai W.P.*, Li Y., Cao B.Q., Lei Y., Zhang L.D., “Morphology-controlled growth of large-area two-dimensional ordered pore arrays”, Advanced Functional Materials (impact factor 12.124), 14 (3), 283-288, 2004. (SCI citation times 108)

13.   Cao B. Q., Cai W.P.*, Sun F. Q. Li Y., Lei Y., Zhang L.D., “Fabrication of large-scale zinc oxide pore arrays with controllable morphology”, Chemical Communications (impact factor 6.319), 14, 1604-1605, 2004. (SCI citation times 50)

14.   Chen Z., Lei Y., Chew H. G., Teo L. W., Choi W. K*, Chim W. K., “Synthesis of germanium nanodots on silicon using an anodic alumina membrane mask”, Journal of Crystal Growth (impact factor 1.751), 268 (3-4), 560-563, Aug 1 2004.

15.   Lei Y., Cai W. P. and Zhang L., “Fabrication, Characterization and Physical Properties of Nanostructured Metal Replicated Membranes”, Nano Science and Technology: Novel Structures band Phenomena, Part 1. Novel Nanostructures and Devices, No. 8, Pages 94-97, first published 2003 by Taylor & Francis (UK), simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Taylor &Francis Inc. (ISBN: 0415308321) .

16.   Lei Y.*, Chim W.K., Zhang Z.P., Zhou T.J., Zhang L.D., Meng G.W., Phillipp F., “Ordered nanoporous nickel films and their magnetic properties”, Chemical Physics Letters (impact factor 1.815), 380 (3-4), 313-318, 2003.

17.   Chim W.K.*, Wong K.M., Yeon Y.T., Hong Y.D., Lei Y., Teo L.W., Choi W.K., “Monitoring oxide quality using the spread of the dC/dV peak in scanning capacitance microscopy measurements”, IEEE Electron Device Letters (impact factor 3.048), 24 (10), 667-670, 2003.

18.   Ho V., Tay M.S., Moey C.H., Teo L.W., Choi W.K.*, Chim W.K., Heng C.L., Lei Y., “Electrical characterization of a trilayer germanium nanocrystal memory device”, Microelectronic Engineering (impact factor 1.806), 66 (1-4), 33-38, 2003.

19.   Heng C.L., Teo L.W., Ho V., Tay M.S., Lei Y., Choi W.K.*, Chim W.K., “Effects of rapid thermal annealing time and ambient temperature on the charge storage capability of SiO2/pure Ge/rapid thermal oxide memory structure”, Microelectronic Engineering (impact factor 1.806), 66 (1-4), 218-223, 2003.

20.   Chim W. K.*, Wong K. M., Teo Y. L., Lei Y. Yeow Y. T., “Dopant extraction from scanning capacitance microscopy measurements of p-n junctions using combined inverse modeling and forward simulation”, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.142), 80 (25), 4837-4839, 2002.

21.   Teo L.W.*, Choi W.K., Chim W.K., Ho V., Tay M. S., Moey C. M., Heng C. L., Lei Y.,

Antoniadis D. A. Fitzgerald E. A., “Size control and charge storage mechanism of germanium nanocrystals in a metal-insulator-semiconductor structure”, Applied Physics Letters ( impact factor 3.411), 81 (19), 3639-3641, 2002. (SCI citation times 48)

22.   Oon C. H.*, Thong J. T. L., Lei Y., Chim W. K., “High-resolution atomic force microscope nanotip grown by self-field emission”, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.411), 81 (16), 3037-3039, 2002.

23.   Lei Y.*, Zhang L. D., Fan J. C., “Fabrication, characterization and Raman study of TiO2 nanowire arrays prepared by anodic oxidative hydrolysis of TiCl3”, Chemical Physics Letters (impact factor 1,815), 338 (4-6), 231-236, 2001. (SCI citation times 155)

24.   Lei Y.*, Zhang L. D., “Fabrication, characterization and photoluminescence mechanism study of highly ordered TiO2 nanowire arrays”, Journal of Materials Research (impact factor 1.673), 16 (4), 1138-1144, 2001. (SCI citation times 55)

25.   Lei Y.*, Liang C. H., Wu Y. C., Zhang L. D., Mao Y. Q., “Preparation of highly ordered

nanoporous Co membranes assembled by small quantum-sized Co particles”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B (impact factor 1.573), 19 (4), 1109-1114, 2001. 

26.   Liang C. H.*, Meng G. W., Lei Y., Phillipp F. Zhang L. D., “Catalytic Growth of In2O3

Semiconductor Nanofibers”, Advanced Materials (impact factor 19.791), 13 (17), 1330-1333, 2001. (SCI citation times 358)

27.   Zheng M. J.*, Li G. H., Zhang X. Y., Huang S. Y., Lei Y. Zhang L. D., “Fabrication and structural characterization of large-scale uniform SnO2 nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane”, Chemistry of Materials (impact factor 9.466), 13 (11), 3859-3861, 2001. (SCI citation times 127)

28.   Zhang X. Y.*, Zhang L. D., Lei Y., Zhao L. X. Mao Y. Q., “Fabrication and characterization of highly ordered Au nanowire arrays”, Journal of Materials Chemistry (impact factor 6.626), 11 (6), 1732-1734, 2001. (SCI citation times 98)

29.   Zhang Z. P.*, Zhang L. D., Wang S. X., Chen W. Lei Y., “A convenient route to Polyacrylonitrile/Silver nanoparticle composite by simultaneous Polymerization-Reduction approach”, Polymer (impact factor 3.684), 42 (19), 8315-8318, 2001. (SCI citation times 141)

30.   Lei Y.*, Zhang L. D., Meng G. W., Li G. H., Zhang X. Y., Liang C. H., Chen W., Wang S. X., “Preparation and photoluminescence of highly ordered TiO2 nanowire arrays”, Applied Physics Letters (impact factor 3.411), 78 (8), 1125-1127, 2001. (SCI citation times 372)

31.   Chen W., Cai W. P., Lei Y., Zhang L. D., “A sonochemical approach to the confined synthesis of palladium nanocrystalline within mesoporous silica”, Materials Letters (impact factor 2.572), 50 (2-3), 53-56, 2001.

32.   Wang S. X.*, Wang M. T., Lei Y., Zhang L. D., “Mesoscopic self-assembling morphology of polymer based on emulsification”, Materials Research Bulletin (impact factor 2.446). 35 (10), 1625-1630, 2000.

33.   Wang S. X.*, Wang M. T., Lei Y., Li G. H. Zhang L. D., “‘Anchor wrapping’ of polymer up nanometer-sized TiO2”, Journal of Inorganic Materials (2009 impact factor 0.444), 15 (1), 45-49, 2000.

34.   Wang S. X.*, Wang M. T., Lei Y., Zhang L. D., “‘Anchor effect’ in poly (styrene maleic anhydride)/TiO2 nanocomposites”, Journal of Materials Science Letters 18 (24), 2009-2012, 1999. 


1. ‘Method for the production of an element comprising a multitude of nanocylinders on a substrate’, Inventor(s): Ellrich Jens, Yong Lei, Hahn Horst, Patent Number(s): WO2007131617-A1 (22 Nov 2007, World Intellectual Property Organization); DE102006021940-A1 (22 Nov 2007); EP2016597-A1 (21 Jan 2009); JP2009536688-W (15 Oct 2009); US2009263595-A1 (22 Oct 2009); EP2016597-B1 (22 Jun 2011).

2. ‘The fabrication setup for the ordered arrayed nano-membranes’, Chinese Patent, Patent No.: 2356043, Issued on 11/27/1999.

Notice to the visitors:

Visitors and Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the publisher and the website owner.