Department publications from 2015

All data can be searched via the browser search. To do this, click on "Show All" at the end of the page on the left and use the search function of the browser with CTRL F.

Publications of the department as of 2015

Results: 1480
Created on: Mon, 22 Apr 2024 23:13:43 +0200 in 0.0573 sec


Döring, Nicola;
Sex-related online training for professionals: Instagram :
Sexualbezogene Online-Fortbildung für Fachkräfte: Instagram. - In: Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung, ISSN 1438-9460, Bd. 0 (2024), 0

Der vorliegende Praxisbeitrag befasst sich mit der Foto- und Video-basierten Social-Media-Plattform Instagram. Er beschreibt die Funktionsweise der Plattform und geht auf den bisherigen Stand der Instagram-Forschung ein. Ist Instagram eher sexistisch oder feministisch? Wirkt die Plattform eher aufklärend oder desinformierend? Die Betrachtung der Instagram-Repräsentation ausgewählter sexualbezogener Themen wie Körperbild, Menstruation, Verhütung und LGBTIQ + zeigt ein ambivalentes Bild. Fachkräfte können dazu beitragen, dass Instagram eine hilfreiche Ressource für sexuelle und reproduktive Gesundheit und Rechte darstellt.



https://doi.org/10.1055/a-2256-3324
Bruhn, Simon; Grebel, Thomas
Allocative efficiency, plant dynamics and regional productivity: evidence from Germany. - In: International regional science review, ISSN 1552-6925, Bd. 0 (2024), 0

The productivity gap between East and West Germany is a long ongoing discussion among the public and policy makers. Regional disparities still appear to be substantial. In this paper, we shed light on the role of allocative efficiency as a region?s driver of productivity disparities. We show that over 50 percent of the East-West productivity gap is associated with a less efficient labor allocation in former East Germany. Controlling for the heterogeneity among German federal states, we perform spatial regression on official firm-level data (AFiD), revealing that the regional differences in allocative efficiency are significantly associated with trade openness, competitive intensity, economies of scale and labor mobility.



https://doi.org/10.1177/01600176241237175
Wilms, Lena; Gerl, Katharina; Stoll, Anke; Ziegele, Marc
Technology acceptance and transparency demands for toxic language classification - interviews with moderators of public online discussion fora. - In: Human - computer interaction, ISSN 1532-7051, Bd. 0 (2024), 0, S. 1-26

Many online discussion providers consider using algorithm-based moderation software to support their employees in moderating toxic communication. Such technology is also attractive for public discussion providers, including public administration and public service media. To ensure successful implementation, however, it is crucial that moderators can correctly understand and use the software according to context-specific workplace requirements. This exploratory case study sheds light on the technology acceptance of algorithm-based moderation software by moderators in German public administration and public service media. Specifically, we focus on the moderators’ user characteristics and workplace requirement perceptions as preconditions for technology acceptance. We combined twelve structured qualitative interviews with moderators with an enhanced cognitive walkthrough (ECW) of an algorithm-based moderation dashboard. Additionally, stimuli of two different transparency mechanisms were added to the interview. Our findings suggest that transparency is one of the most requested characteristics of algorithm-based moderation software and, when met, transparency is beneficial for the acceptance of automated content classification in these systems. However, the findings suggest that different AI perceptions and technology commitment among moderators corresponded with different transparency motives related to the moderation system. We assume that addressing those differing motives by different transparency mechanisms may positively affect technology acceptance.



https://doi.org/10.1080/07370024.2024.2307610
Dyckhoff, Harald; Souren, Rainer; Clermont, Marcel
Performance assessment of waste sorting: component-based approach to incorporate quality into data envelopment analysis. - In: EURO journal on decision processes, ISSN 2193-9446, Bd. 12 (2024), 100048, S. 1-10

Waste sorting is an important recovery process in circular product systems. Engineering sciences deal with its performance measurement by analysing various parameter settings based on technical key figures derived from object and component quantities. They are difficult to aggregate, especially since there are no prices for all inputs and outputs. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) allows an aggregation without implementing prices or weight restrictions. This paper shows how DEA can be used as performance measurement method for sorting processes, whose purpose it is to separate different material components from a waste mixture as effectively and efficiently as possible. This is achieved when the individual components are sorted out into their respective recycling bins with as little effort as possible and without allowing too many incorrect throws. In this respect, sorting processes represent pure material reallocations - and no material transformations. Thus, valid material balances of sorting technologies do not allow for free disposability. A new multiple criteria DEA approach is suggested, which uses input and output objects that entirely consist of components determining the object's value. Different from common DEA approaches, the technological perspective of modelling the underlying production system is strictly separated from the preference perspective of modelling multiple performance criteria for the relevant input and output types and sorts. In more detail, we develop DEA models for a combined evaluation of operating and quality efficiency where both inputs and outputs are characterised by sorts or grades of varying quality. In contrast to existing approaches that map quality into DEA we reflect upon the underlying technological assumptions and analyse which dominance relations result from that in our case of waste sorting.



https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejdp.2024.100048
Arlt, Dorothee;
In einer wechselseitigen Beziehung? : eine Untersuchung der Entwicklung und der Beziehung zwischen Medienvertrauen und Zufriedenheit mit der Corona-Politik der Regierung in Deutschland im Zeitverlauf
In a reciprocal relationship? : examining the development and relationship between media trust and satisfaction with the government’s Coronavirus policy in Germany over time. - In: Studies in communication and media, ISSN 2192-4007, Bd. 13 (2024), 1, S. 46-71

Given the political consequences of the Coronavirus crisis, the present study examined the reciprocal relationship between satisfaction with the government’s Coronavirus policy and media trust in Germany during the first year of the Coronavirus pandemic. Using data from a panel survey conducted between April 2020 and April 2021, a random intercept cross-lagged panel model was applied to explore the reciprocal relationship over time. The findings revealed strong correlations between the random intercepts, indicating that people who were generally more satisfied with the government’s Coronavirus policy also showed higher levels of media trust than the average and vice versa. On the within-person level, however, the results clearly show just one cross-lagged effect at a very specific point in time during the pandemic: within-person changes in policy satisfaction in November 2020 caused within-person changes in media trust in April 2021. No reciprocal influence over time was found.



https://doi.org/10.5771/2192-4007-2024-1-46
Döring, Nicola; Walter, Roberto
Qualität der Berichterstattung über sexuellen Kindesmissbrauch an der Odenwaldschule: ein empirischer Vergleich zwischen Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse :
Quality of reporting on child sexual abuse at the Odenwaldschule in Germany: an empirical comparison between quality and tabloid press. - In: Studies in communication and media, ISSN 2192-4007, Bd. 13 (2024), 1, S. 38-45

https://doi.org/10.5771/2192-4007-2024-1-38
Döring, Nicola; Walter, Roberto
Quality of reporting on child sexual abuse at the Odenwaldschule in Germany: an empirical comparison between quality and tabloid press :
Qualität der Berichterstattung über sexuellen Kindesmissbrauch an der Odenwaldschule: ein empirischer Vergleich zwischen Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse. - In: Studies in communication and media, ISSN 2192-4007, Bd. 13 (2024), 1, S. 8-37

Von einer qualitätsvollen Medienberichterstattung wäre gemäß Public-Interest-Modell der normativen Medientheorie zu erwarten, dass sie sexuellen Kindesmissbrauch (SKM) als relevantes soziales Problem regelmäßig auf die Agenda setzt und in einer qualitätsvollen Weise behandelt, die zur gesellschaftlichen Sensibilisierung und Problemlösung beiträgt. Vor diesem Hintergrund war es Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit, erstmals die Qualität der SKM-Berichterstattung in der deutschsprachigen Presse zu analysieren. Die Analyse konzentrierte sich auf die Berichterstattung über SKM an der Odenwaldschule, da es sich um einen gut aufgeklärten Fall institutionellen Missbrauchs in Deutschland mit großer Tragweite und Medienresonanz handelt. Beantwortet werden sollten zwei Forschungsfragen: Welche etablierten journalistischen Qualitätskriterien (QK) erfüllt bzw. verletzt die SKM-Berichterstattung über die Odenwaldschule (F1)? Welche Qualitätsunterschiede gibt es in der SKM-Berichterstattung zwischen Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse (F2)? Eine zweistufige bewusste Stichprobe von N = 325 Zeitungsartikeln über SKM an der Odenwaldschule (2010-2022; 23 Print- und Online-Zeitungen, 52.3 % Qualitätspresse, 47.7 % Boulevardpresse) wurde anhand eines Codebuchs einer Qualitätsanalyse unterzogen. Das deduktiv entwickelte und induktiv verfeinerte Codebuch bestand aus 12 formalen und 20 inhaltlichen Kategorien und zeigte eine hohe Reliabilität (Gwets AC1: 0.82 – 1.00). Die Datenanalyse erfolgte deskriptiv- und inferenzstatistisch mit der Software R. Die Studie ist präregistriert und alle Daten, Analyseskripte und Zusatzmaterialien sind auf OSF öffentlich zugänglich (https://osf.io/j5wcn). Es zeigte sich, dass in der SKM-Berichterstattung über die Odenwaldschule die meisten journalistischen QK erfüllt wurden, während gleichzeitig drei Qualitätsprobleme sichtbar waren: die mangelnde Thematisierung von Prävention und Intervention, eine sensationalistische Darstellung sowie die Nutzung unangemessener Begriffe (F1). Diese Probleme traten in der Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse vergleichbar auf. Bei keinem Qualitätskriterium waren signifikante Unterschiede zwischen Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse beobachtbar (F2). In Erweiterung des bisherigen Forschungsstandes zeigt die vorliegende Studie Verbesserungsbedarf in der SKM-Berichterstattung auf – und zwar in der Qualitäts- und Boulevardpresse gleichermaßen. Dass die Boulevardpresse nicht schlechter abschnitt, lässt sich damit erklären, dass sie in der Berichterstattung über SKM an der Odenwaldschule relativ häufig offen oder verdeckt auf Presseagenturmeldungen zurückgriff, deren Qualität in der Regel höher ist als bei der typischen boulevardesken Berichterstattung. Konsequenzen für die Forschung und Praxis werden diskutiert.



https://doi.org/10.5771/2192-4007-2024-1-8
Schwarz, Andreas; Diers-Lawson, Audra
Mediated crises and strategic crisis communication of third sector organizations: a content analysis of crisis reporting in six countries. - In: Corporate communications, ISSN 1758-6046, Bd. 0 (2024), 0

Purpose: This study aims to contribute to strategic crisis communication research by exploring international media representations of third sector crises and crisis response; expanding the range of crisis types beyond transgressions; and developing a framework that integrates framing and crisis communication theory. Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative content analysis was applied to identify patterns in crisis reporting of 18 news media outlets in Canada, Germany, India, Switzerland, UK and US. Using an inductive framing approach, crisis coverage of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) between 2015 and 2018 was analyzed across a wide range of crises, including but not limited to prominent cases such as Oxfam, Kids Company, or the Islamic Research Foundation. Findings: The news media in six countries report more internal crises in the third sector than external crises. The most frequent crisis types were fraud and corruption, sexual violence/personal exploitation and attacks on organizations. Exploratory factor analysis revealed three components of crisis response strategies quoted in the media, conditional rebuild, defensive and justified denial strategies. Causal attributions and conditional rebuild strategies significantly influenced media evaluations of organizational crisis response. Three frames of third sector crises were detected; the critique, the damage and the victim frame. These frames emphasize different crisis types, causes, crisis response strategies and evaluations of crisis response. Originality/value: The study reveals the particularities of crises and crisis communication in the third sector and identifies factors that influence mediated portrayals of crises and crisis response strategies of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) from an international comparative perspective. The findings have relevant implications for crisis communication theory and practice.



https://doi.org/10.1108/CCIJ-08-2023-0117
Rochyadi-Reetz, Mira;
Codebook for the analysis of frames on climate change in media content and press releases in Indonesia. - Ilmenau : Research Group Empirical Media Research and Political Communication, Institute of Media and Communication Science, Technische Universität Ilmenau. - 1 Online-Ressource (30 Seiten)

The codebook is developed for research on framing of climate change in Indonesia. Operationalization of this codebook based on frame elements and frame dimensions on climate change. Frame elements include problem and benefit, causal interpretation, moral evaluation and solution on climate change whereas frame dimensions include scientific dimension, economic dimension as well as environmental and social dimensions.



https://doi.org/10.22032/dbt.59813
Stöhr, Annika;
Price effects of horizontal mergers : a retrospective on retrospectives
Update 2024. - Ilmenau : Ilmenau University of Technology, Institute of Economics, 2024. - 1 Online-Ressource (26 Seiten). - (Ilmenau economics discussion papers ; vol. 29, no. 188)

This comprehensive review of ex-post merger studies assesses the price effects of horizontal transactions to determine whether there are common post-merger price effects, both overall and in specific markets. The aim is to derive implications for policy makers and competition authorities in terms of effective merger enforcement and competition policy. By combining and further analysing the results of 52 retrospective studies on 82 mergers or horizontal transactions, it can be shown that the sector in which the respective transaction takes place alone is not a strong indicator of the direction of price-related merger effects. In contrast, the "size" or "importance" of a transaction, as well as market concentration seem to be correlated with post-transaction price increases, especially in already highly concentrated markets. Overall, this meta-study shows the importance of ex-post case studies for improving ex-ante merger control: although generalisations can only be made with caution, the subsequent analysis of a case and its ex-post observable outcome can provide useful information for future merger enforcement in general, either in the same industry and/or with similar case characteristics, as well as for competition policy regulators.



https://www.db-thueringen.de/receive/dbt_mods_00060003