Results: 328
Created on: Sat, 22 Jun 2024 23:13:22 +0200 in 0.0634 sec

Geise, Stephanie; Klinger, Ulrike; Magin, Melanie; Müller, Kathrin Friederike; Nitsch, Cordula; Riesmeyer, Claudia; Rothenberger, Liane; Schumann, Christina; Sehl, Annika; Wallner, Cornelia; Zillich, Arne Freya
The normativity of communication research: a content analysis of normative claims in peer-reviewed journal articles (1970-2014). - In: Mass communication & society, ISSN 1532-7825, Bd. 25 (2022), 4, S. 528-553

In times of rapid media change, society is increasingly asking for expertise from communication research. Well-founded assessments of current developments require knowledge of the normative foundations of the discipline, but empirical analyses of the normativity of communication research are scarce. We developed an innovative, multistep approach to make the discipline’s normative perspectives visible. We identified, systemized, and quantified normative claims consisting of three elements: content (what is evaluated/should happen?), subject (who is responsible?), and object (who benefits?). This approach provides the basis for a long-term content analysis of articles from international peer-reviewed journals in communication research (1970-2014). The results show that communication research is normative, but research fields differ in their degree of normativity, likely resulting from the discipline's interdisciplinary roots. The normative focal points vary over time, reflecting changes in the discipline and in the media during the period examined. Based on these results, we call for informed handling of the normativity shaping communication research.
Berger, Priscila;
ICT use for teaching media literacy: a closer look at the relationships between teaching with and teaching about media. - In: Media literacy and academic research, ISSN 2585-9188, Bd. 4 (2021), 2, S. 6-24

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are often considered crucial for teaching media and information literacy (MIL). However, there is a wide variety in educational media, and there are different competence areas in MIL. Thus, the idea that using any ICT can facilitate the fostering of different MIL areas equally seems oversimplified. This study investigates associations between three types of ICT use and four MIL competence areas. It analyzes data of 315 secondary teachers in Germany employing exploratory structural equation modeling. After controlling for teacher and school traits, the findings show that teachers who use the computer lab in their schools and basic computer applications tend to foster their students’ critical, safety, information, and operational competencies more often. Conversely, using ICTs that mainly serve presentation and visualization purposes has a negative or no association with fostering the four MIL areas. Finally, using mobile devices and online resources is positively associated with fostering students’ information competence. The analysis contributes to a more specific understanding of teachers’ practices with digital media. Possible implications are discussed for teachers’ practice and training as well as for research and policy.
Schaller, Sophia;
Massenmediale STI-Präventionskommunikation der BZgA zwischen 2008 und 2018. - In: Social science open access repository, (2021), S. 1-17
Publikation entstand im Rahmen von: Gesundheitskommunikation und Geschichte: interdisziplinäre Perspektiven / D. Reifegerste & C. Sammer (Hrsg.). - Stuttgart : Deutsche Gesellschaft für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft e.V., 2021

Während die HIV-Neuinfektionsrate mittlerweile auf einem niedrigen und stabilen Niveau ist, sind die Erkrankungszahlen verschiedener sexuell übertragbarer Infektionen (STI, z. B. Syphilis) in den letzten Jahren stark angestiegen. So ist neben der Prävention einer Infektion mit HIV heute auch die Prävention von anderen STI durch die mediale Aufklärung über Ansteckungswege, Schutzmaßnahmen und Symptome von großer Bedeutung für die öffentliche Gesundheit. Dementsprechend hat die Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA), die im Auftrag des Ministeriums für Gesundheit kommunikationsstrategische Aufgaben für die STI-Prävention übernimmt, ihre ursprüngliche Kampagne GIB AIDS KEINE CHANCE schrittweise zur STI-Kampagne LIEBESLEBEN entwickelt. Zur Veranschaulichung dieses Wandels zeichnet der vorliegende Beitrag die Kampagnenkommunikation der BZgA seit 2008 nach.
Schmidt, Franzisca; Eugster, Beatrice; Arlt, Dorothee
Varieties of populist attitudes and their link to islamophobia in Switzerland. - In: International journal of public opinion research, ISSN 1471-6909, Bd. 33 (2021), 4, S. 873-890

The aim of this article is to show whether distinct varieties of populist attitudes emerge within a society, and how they relate to citizens’ Islamophobic attitudes. The study is based on a representative survey conducted in Switzerland in 2019. We used latent class analysis and multinomial regression analyses to identify latent subgroups, yielding five classes of populist attitudes: direct democracy devotees, individuals with populist tendencies, moderate populists, radical anti-elite populists, and radical-universal populists. Compared with the direct democracy devotees class, members of the moderate and the radical-universal populists classes are significantly more likely to hold anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant attitudes and to be politically right-wing, while radical anti-elite populists are not associated with either anti-Muslim attitudes or a right-wing ideology.
Arlt, Dorothee;
Banning burkas and niqabs? : exploring perceptions of bias in media coverage of Islam and Muslims in Switzerland and their relation to people's voting intention concerning the burka-initiative. - In: Studies in communication sciences, ISSN 1424-4896, Bd. 21 (2021), 1, S. 9-25

In Switzerland, Islam and Muslims are repeatedly the subject of political debates and, thus, of media reporting. While content analyses show a certain bias in Western media coverage of Islam and Muslims, relatively little is known about the audience's perspective on media bias in this context. Using data from an online survey of the Swiss population (n = 976), this study examines people’s perceptions of bias in the media coverage of Islam and Muslims in Switzerland and how it relates to their intention to vote on the popular initiative "Yes to a veil ban". The study was conducted in March 2019, two years before the actual vote took place on 7 March 2021. The results show that the majority of the Swiss non-Muslim population perceives the reporting as distorted. In the study's investigation of media bias perceptions, attitudes towards Islam and Muslims, political orientation and personal contact with Muslims proved to be the most relevant influencing factors. By contrast, exposure to political information via traditional news media and social media was not associated with bias perceptions. Finally, a stronger perception that the media understate certain problems related to Islam and Muslims in Switzerland was positively related to people's intention to vote for a national ban on wearing burkas or niqabs in public.
Temmann, Linn Julia; Wiedicke, Annemarie; Schaller, Sophia; Scherr, Sebastian; Reifegerste, Doreen
A systematic review of responsibility frames and their effects in the health context. - In: Journal of health communication, ISSN 1087-0415, Bd. 26 (2021), 12, S. 828-838

Responsibility frames potentially shape the public perception of health issues such as obesity, diabetes, or mental illness, specifically regarding responsibility attributions for their causes and treatment. Which responsibility frames prevail in the health context, and the responses they may elicit from audiences, has not been studied systematically. This systematic review includes studies with different methodological approaches published between 2004 and 2019 (N = 68). Content analyses (n = 56) show that different media attribute health responsibility most frequently, but not exclusively to individuals. Individual responsibility was especially emphasized for obesity, which was also the most studied health issue. Tendencies toward societal attributions of responsibility emerged over time, particularly regarding health risks for which the frames describe a specific cause (e.g., sugar, trans-fat). Experimental studies (n = 12) indicate that individual responsibility frames reduce policy support. The effects of responsibility frames were, however, not as clear-cut as expected with research gaps regarding behavioral and affective outcomes. Overall, there is a clear emphasis on noncommunicable diseases in this field. Finally, the conceptual focus on individual vs. societal health responsibility distracts from social network influences as another relevant health determinant. The implications for health communication are discussed.
Berger, Priscila;
Influencing factors on teaching different facets of media and digital literacy. - In: Bildung, Wissen und Kompetenz(-en) in digitalen Medien, (2021), S. 105-118

Motivated by the growing importance of media education in schools, this article studies aspects associated with teachers' fostering of students' media and digital skills. For this, a regression analysis is conducted using a survey data sample of teachers. By taking six different areas of media-related competencies into account, the results show the factors that influence the fostering of digital skills in general and the factors that influence only specific competence areas. Two factors are significant in all models: the frequency of the media use for teaching purposes and the importance given to the competence areas. Furthermore, teaching STEM subjects and teaching in a Gymnasium are significant predictors in most models. Other predictors show significance only in single models, while how teachers evaluated the technical equipment available in their schools is not significant in any model.
Becker, Marius;
Neutral news aggregation? : comparing the portrayal of German politicians in Bing News and Google News search results. - In: Algorithms and communication, (2021), S. 25-65

News search engines are popular tools to navigate the online news landscape. By filtering and ranking articles, they act as secondary gatekeepers and can influence what news is accessible. This study examines to what extent two news search engines deliver different perspectives on political actors in the context of several political events. In a quantitative content analysis of 400 search results and 200 retrieved articles, the portrayal of German politicians in Bing News and Google News search results for 16 different search terms is assessed. The findings show that, although the Google News results are more likely to include opinionated articles, most politicians are portrayed similarly in the articles retrieved by both services.
Schumann, Christina; Taddicken, Monika
Algorithms as research objects for communication science. - In: Algorithms and communication, (2021), S. 7-23

The political, societal or economic impact of algorithms is seen as one of the most debated issues in recent history. In this introduction to the special issue "Algorithms and Communication", we elaborate on the importance of algorithms as research objects for communication science. We discuss why algorithms are such an intensively discussed topic. We describe different kinds of "communicating algorithms" that affect processes of political, social and interpersonal communication. In this context, we elaborate on new research questions for communication sciences that arise out of the importance of algorithms. Finally, we conclude with a call for a transformation of traditional models of mass communication. Particularly, we highlight the necessity to systematically describe and define the role of algorithms as "autonomous" senders in communication processes.
Taddicken, Monika; Schumann, Christina
Algorithms and communication. - Berlin : Freie Universität Berlin, 2021. - 1 Online-Ressource (132 Seiten). - (Digital communication research ; volume 9) ISBN 978-3-945681-09-1

The role of algorithms for producing and curating content as well as potential outcomes of these mechanisms is one of the most debated issues in existing communication research. "Communicating algorithms" affect processes of political, social and interpersonal communication. A broad variety of communication fields is thus currently touched on by algorithms, ranging from news exposure, public opinion forming, information retrieval, and political communication processes among others. However, a scientific sound and objective consideration of algorithms as actors in digital (mass) communication is still scarce. The special issue "Algorithms and Communication" addresses this research gap. It presents theoretical as well as empirical results in important fields of communication science, such as media literacy, news aggregation or robotics. With this, it aims to shed light on the black-box of algorithms as "hidden actors" in communication processes.